On Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre

Barendina Smedley finds her expectations confounded on a recent visit to the Globe Theatre…

A recent rainy half-term morning found us at Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre — or rather, Sam Wanamaker’s hard-won rebuilding of the theatre Shakespeare knew, which burned to the ground in 1613 — on the south bank of a very low-running, misty Thames.

Expectations, admittedly, ran equally low. Things Thespian so often get on my nerves — semi-entertaining dissimulation dressed up as sacred revelation, Harold Pinter, the delusional self-regard, the stale old hatred of Mrs Thatcher, ‘brave’ productions, Arthur Miller, that weirdly besotted catch that blights Andrew Marr’s voice when called upon to chat with ‘actors’ about their ‘craft’ — that I was braced to do some acting of my own, simulating enthusiasm for the benefit of our local six-year old who has recently become fixated on Shakespeare’s history plays.

But here’s the plot twist: the Globe is a delight.

Not least, while the theatre itself — in the sense of the physical structure — shocks with the enchanting paradox of a ‘new’ Tudor building, its massive oak timbers weathering from tawny-brown to silver practically in front of our eyes, it also pleases with the modest, human proportions so natural to early renaissance architecture. Having expected some rough-and-ready wooden mock-up, I was absolutely unprepared both for the elegance of the stage — those enormous Corinthian columns, all that gold paint and faux-marble, the signs of the Zodiac circumnavigating the coffered ceiling of ‘Heaven’ — and unprepared, too, for the admirable purist zealotry which insisted on holding together a present-day, working building with hand-hewn wooden pegs.

Then there’s the permanent exhibition. It’s not unusual for cultural attractions, generally housed in an expensive set-piece ‘iconic’ building parachuted down into areas notably in need of regeneration, to stage exhibitions that are strong in ‘relevance’, ‘access’ and enormous refulgent touch-screens, yet lacking any collection of actual objects, focus or indeed purpose. In my initial mood of pessimism, this is what I expected of the Globe.

Again, though, in the most delightful way possible, I was proved wrong. True, some of what is on show — excavated skulls of bear-baiting mastiffs, blackened hazelnut-shells upon which genuine seventeenth century theatre-goers actually trod — has been borrowed from the Museum of London or elsewhere. And much of what is on show is a mock-up or modern replica. But at the same time, it’s all to a purpose — and it works. My companion and I — which is to say, a six-year old schoolboy and the possessor of an only slightly dusty doctorate in history (specifically, English reformation era history) from one of East Anglia’s better-known universities — both emerged having learned quite a lot about the theatre, Southwark and life more generally in Shakespeare’s day. We were thoroughly entertained, too.

It helps that the exhibition space is extremely well-conceived. It requires an act of some imagination to realise that the very functional and attractive arrangement of demonstration area and gallery occupies what might otherwise have looked very much like an underground carpark. But it also helps that a lot of imaginative enthusiasm has gone into the Globe Theatre project more generally.

The story of how one man’s slightly quixotic idea became a concrete — or indeed oak-timber-plaster-and-grease-paint — reality is an inspiring one, to put it mildly. Further, the enthusiasm of the staff is astonishing. From the lady who sold us tickets, to the tour guide, to the man who sold us sandwiches and coffee, to the specialists demonstrating Shakespearian theatrical costumes or sword fighting (of which, more soon), not a single one seemed anything other than totally thrilled by what they were doing. For a high-footfall London tourist venue, in the thick of school half-term holidays, this is by no means an inevitable outcome.

That the Globe Theatre was brought to life in the teeth of opposition from the local council, Health & Safety officers and planners, all apparently without a single penny of government funding, speaks volumes. All those plangently wailing ‘save our library!’, ‘save our forest!’, ‘save the outward and visible signs of our jealously-guarded middle class status without expecting us to do anything other than whine at the government about it!’ types out there really ought to take note — although I don’t expect for a moment that any of them actually will.

And then, finally, there was the sword-fighting. Now, as a mother, I understand the logic of laying on a bit of term-time sword-fighting wherever possible. There is something about the clank-clank-crash of steel that exerts a natural pull on the human psyche. It’s not in our nature to ignore potential bloodshed taking place nearby, no matter how tame or lamely-simulated. Few cultural attractions fail to benefit from the clash of arms, especially when there are six-year old boys about.

But again, the demonstration sword-fighting at the Globe Theatre this week was something else.

The first hint that it wasn’t the standard-issue version came with the sound itself, echoing around the gallery of the exhibition space. This was the crash of steel on steel — literalsteel. Closer examination revealed that the young men who were doing the fighting were in fact weilding proper, forged-steel, sharp-tipped Elizabethan-type weapons. What’s more, although they were doing this with notable energy and conviction, they weren’t wearing any kind of protective clothing. Not that this held them back. Indeed, at one point the action actually spilled out beyond the roped-off safety cordon, to within a few inches of where we sat. My son was charmed. Actually, so was I. As for the actors, they are apologetic — but hardly able to speak, so completely out of breath were they from what they had been doing.

In the course of testing out the weapons ourselves, we got into conversation with an older man who had been standing next to us. Will it lower the tone of this narrative irreparably if I write that he bore a distinct resemblance to Obi-Wan Kenobi from Star Wars — white hair, ambience of transcendent knowledge, Alec Guinness diction and all?

In any event, it turned out that he had made the weapons himself, having got fed up with productions elsewhere in which Shakespearian sword-fights were carried out with a random assortment of present-day fencing foils, nineenth century military swords and fancy-dress accessories — anything, in fact, except the sort of weapons that Shakespeare himself would have known. This was fascinating, obviously, in a geekish, re-enactorish sort of way. As the older man told us about it, the young men who had been doing the fighting gathered round, leaning on their swords, still breathless, listening — for all the world like trainee Jedi knights listening to their master.

We all listened. It turned out that much of the information about the weapons — their nature, weight and use — had come directly from Shakespeare himself. This was not so much as matter of literal naming or description, as from something far more magical. Pausing and looking into space for the words, this older man began to recite some relevant passages from various Shakespearian plays. We saw immediately what he meant. There were lines where one could hear the full unweildy weight of a heavy two-handed broadsword — others where the actual sound of the words themselves jabbed or slashed like a rapier.

Listening with a purpose like this, to lines produced with such apparent sponteneity from a person who had clearly internalised them as part of his innermost being, was really an astonishing experience. The young fighters, drenched in sweat and still breathing heavily, were spellbound. So was I. This was a new way of hearing Shakespeare — new for me, at least — an instinctive and active form of listening, which somehow collapsed the distance, the alienating air of falseness and pretense, that sometimes spoils stage performances for me. The lines really did — the weary old cliché can no longer be avoided — come alive. And as for my six year old son, he was spellbound too — how could he not be?

In short — and despite the fact I have not yet seen an actual production there — I find it hard to imagine that Sam Wanamaker can have wished much more for Shakespeare’s reanimated Globe Theate than experiences like this one.

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13 thoughts on “On Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre

  1. Gaw
    March 2, 2011 at 06:30

    I’ve always found the Globe story inspiring – such a remarkable achievement of will, as much as anything. But I had no idea they did the sort of amazing thing you describe too. The school holidays beckon, but I’m not sure we’re going to get through the history plays before then!

  2. Brit
    March 2, 2011 at 10:31

    Superbly written piece, this – “that weirdly besotted catch that blights Andrew Marr’s voice when called upon to chat with ‘actors’ about their ‘craft’ arf! . Not only makes me want to go but makes me feel guilty about not already having been.

  3. b.smedley@dsl.pipex.com'
    March 2, 2011 at 10:38

    Somehow I doubt that preparation matters much, Gaw. If semi-alarmingly realistic sword-fighting, frank discussion of public toilets (or the lack thereof) in Elizabethan times, stories about special effects that end up burning theatres to the ground and a good bookshop don’t make your boys absolutely desperate to consume as such Shakespeare as possible as soon as possible, at least you’ve learned something – which is, I guess, that it might be worth pointing them towards Ibsen next time round.

  4. zmkc@ymail.com'
    March 2, 2011 at 11:52

    I love everything about the Globe – except the officious tabarded volunteers who distract the audience by darting about all through a performance, telling people in the yard not to sit down (because of health and safety). They seem to choose people for the job who are more than usually maddening (and in Britain that selection pool is more densely populated than in most countries – but perhaps a willingness to wear a tabard without being paid for the humiliation is always going to be a bad starting point) and have absolutely no interest in Shakespeare, except insofar as they can show off about what little they know about him. But a front row seat in one of the upper galleries at the Globe is one of the real pleasures of summer in London.

  5. zmkc@ymail.com'
    March 2, 2011 at 11:58

    I also think the Globe’s plans for a multi-lingual season in 2012, to ‘celebrate’ the Olympics – Troilus and Cressida in Maori, Love’s Labour’s Lost in sign language, Lear in a hodge podge of Australian Aboriginal languages – look like a very expensive bit of right-on loopiness.

  6. Worm
    March 2, 2011 at 12:37

    “‘brave’ productions, that weirdly besotted catch that blights Andrew Marr’s voice when called upon to chat with ‘actors’ about their ‘craft’”

    so very very good!!!!

    Never been to the Globe as I thought it would be all about, as you say, ‘relevance’, ‘access’ and enormous refulgent touch-screens’

    but my fears have been allayed! …..Which is lucky, because I’m attending an awards ceremony there next week

  7. philipwilkinson@ukonline.co.uk'
    March 2, 2011 at 12:51

    A lovely post and a response not unlike my own when I visited the Globe, a visit that followed similarly low expectations. I learned quite a bit from my visit too, although there was no sword fighting when I went – I must go again.

  8. b.smedley@dsl.pipex.com'
    March 2, 2011 at 13:19

    Thanks for the kind words, Brit, Worm and Philip – glad you liked it.

    As for volunteers, zmkc, since my visit didn’t take place during an actual play, we were spared the officious tabard-wearing volunteers – although since the tabard-free volunteers, one wonders whether the tabards themselves have some sort of irritant effect? Further research is needed – not that it’s likely to be very pleasant for anyone concerned.

    As for that extraordinary idea of ‘celebrating’ the Olympics via multi-lingual Shakespeare productions, though – by telling me about this you have absolutely made my day. Of course it is very nearly the worst idea ever, so much so indeed that it is almost a good idea – because can you imagine what would happen if the Globe really did create a season based on stereotypes of foreign folk as imaginatively derived from Shakepeare’s plays? The Olympic ideal might then revert to its more wholesome origins, e.g. a lot of aristocratic teenagers smearing each other with olive oil, singing fairly sophisticated poetry and occasionally thowing the odd javelin whist stark naked. I, for one, think that would be a definite improvement – cheaper, too.

  9. tanith@telegraphy.co.uk'
    March 2, 2011 at 14:56

    I have had the strange pleasure of performing, as an amateur, on the stage at the Globe Theatre, and was almost struck dumb with stage fright (even though the size of the audience was negligible). It was such an incredible stage, in such a remarkable theatre, that it was almost overwhelming. That and the knowledge that I hadn’t learnt my lines properly.

  10. b.smedley@dsl.pipex.com'
    March 3, 2011 at 05:42

    What a fascinating experience that must have been, Adelephant!

    But I can imagine it would have been disconcerting, too. Not least, once gets the impression that the spectators in the lowest level of the tiered seating are not only more or less at eye level with the actors, but also just as brightly lit, and not very far away. Acting with no ‘fourth wall’ probably takes something more than just the usual catalogue of skills. I’m really looking forward to seeing an actual play at the Globe Theatre one of these days!

  11. info@shopcurious.com'
    March 3, 2011 at 07:46

    A thoroughly enjoyable read – and great to know there’s still good old-fashioned interactive entertainment in London. If you do get to a production, Berendina, it’s best to take extra cushions, as the seating arrangements are a little olde worlde.

  12. info@shopcurious.com'
    March 3, 2011 at 07:49

    oops, Barendina x

  13. zmkc@ymail.com'
    March 3, 2011 at 11:31

    ‘can you imagine what would happen if the Globe really did create a season based on stereotypes of foreign folk as imaginatively derived from Shakepeare’s plays?’ – you’re a genius, Barendina, I look forward to that season very much indeed (and, in my insufficiently educated way, far more than I am looking forward to the signed Love’s Labour’s Lost and the Maori Troilus. It will be interesting to see how many private citizens buy tickets to those voluntarily.)

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